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ISLAMIC BANKING STRATEGIES AND PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED COMMERCIAL BANKS IN NAIROBI CITY COUNTY

Beffrie Kayalo Mulama - Masters Student, Kenyatta University, Kenya

Samuel Maina - Lecturer, Kenyatta University, Kenya

Muathe S.M. - Lecturer, Kenyatta University, Kenya


ABSTRACT

The study examined the strategies and performance of Islamic banking in selected commercial banks in Nairobi County. These strategies include Operations, Funds separation and Lending strategies in relation to the performance of these banks in terms of Customer base, Assets, Financial Viability and Relevance. The study employed descriptive research design and used structured questionnaires to gather data from the managers in the banks. A sample of 6 banks was selected with 8 managers from each bank, from a population of 43 commercial banks using proportionate stratified random sampling method. The study revealed that operational strategies have a positive impact in the performance of the commercial banks, although the government has not established a fully operational legal and supervisory framework to govern the Islamic banking. The study concludes that lack of these legal frameworks is a drawback to the progress in Islamic banking in Kenya. Funds separation was the major distinguishing factor in Islamic and conventional banking by having a reserve fund that absorbs losses in Islamic banking. The study concluded that conventional banks had not set up a reserve fund account but were in the process of setting up although the fully fledged already have. The study further concludes that most customers in Islamic banking have a high intake in the loans offered under the musharaka and mudaraba basis where the banks have a partnership with the clients thus sharing the risk. These aspects encourage the customers to have a high interest in loans and the accounts provided by the banks thus encouraging investors and improving the banks performance. The study recommends that serious marketing should be done to create awareness of Islamic products in the different banks to fill the knowledge gap in the market. Staff training was observed as a necessity since most of the employees in the conventional banks didn’t have knowledge on Islamic products. The study raised the agency problem in mudaraba and musharaka contracts. The study concludes that to some extent, the agency problem in musharaka and mudaraba can be reduced by carefully specifying the sharing of profit and performance bonuses between the entrepreneur and the bank.


Full Length Research (PDF Format)

EFFECT OF LOCAL COOLING APPLICATION ON PAIN INTENSITY AND SIZE OF HEMATOMA AMONG PATIENTS WITH INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR

Dr.Mishmisha El Sayed Ibrahim - Lecturer of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing-Cairo University, Egypt

Dr. Hala Ibrahim Abo Deif - Lecturer of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing-Cairo University, Egypt


ABSTRACT

A large proportion of patients' experiences sever post-surgical pain following inguinal hernia repair within the first 24 hrs post operatively. Pain control has been shown to improve postoperative recovery; also, poor pain control can lead to the development of chronic pain. Local cooling is a widely used technique in the immediate care of traumatic injury protocols for postsurgical rehabilitation and treatment of pain. We hypothesized that patients who receive local cooling would report lower pain scores as a primary outcome. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effect of local cooling on pain intensity and size of hematoma among patients with inguinal hernia repair. Design: One group pretest/posttest quasi-experimental research design. Subjects: A convenient sample of 70 adult male patients immediately post inguinal hernia repair over a period of six months. Setting: Surgical Departments at one of educational hospital in Egypt. Tools: Three tools used to gather data (1) Demographic and medical data sheet (2) Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for pain intensity (3) Hematoma Formation and Size Assessment Scale. Results: there was a highly statistical significant difference in the mean pain intensity score before and after ice application at 6, 12 and, 24 hours postoperatively at (P-value ≤ 0.005) with total mean difference 9.642 ± 4.010 and the diameter of hematoma decreased. The results of the study revealed that ice bag application to the surgical site in patients after inguinal hernia repair effective in reducing postoperative pain intensity and hematoma size, it considered cost effective intervention. Recommendation: Nurses should consider using this technique while developing evidence-based protocols to care for patients with inguinal hernia repair.


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STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND PERFORMANCE OF SUPERMARKETS IN NAKURU COUNTY, KENYA

Adan Guyo Kanano - Master Student, Kenyatta University

Dr. Jane Wanjira - Lecturer, Kenyatta University


ABSTRACT

The supermarkets are facing numerous challenges that impact on their performance. To address these challenges, the supermarkets have explored different strategies to drive their organizational performance. The general objective of this study was to examine the influence of strategic management practices on performance of supermarkets in Nakuru County, Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives; to examine the effect of strategy formulation, strategy implementation and strategy evaluation on performance of supermarkets in Nakuru County, Kenya. This study was guided by three theories, namely; strategic choice theory, open systems theory and the agency theory. The study used descriptive research design. The study targeted the 12 supermarkets within Nakuru Town and 100 managers participated in the study. The study concluded that there was a positive relationship between the three strategic management practices and supermarket performance in Nakuru town. It was further found out that strategy formulation had the highest influence on performance of supermarket. The study found that carrying out assessment of formulated strategies was the most cited aspect of strategy formulation in supermarkets in Nakuru. This study concluded that strategy formulation had the capacity to contribute to a higher level of performance in supermarkets The study further recommends that supermarkets should efficiently manage risk associated with its investments in order to effectively implement the formulated strategies.


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CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND PERFORMANCE OF STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES IN GHANA

Rev. Dr. Maxwell Dela Yao Gakpo - Researcher, Trimonde Ghana Limited, Ghana

Ing. Dr. Kenneth Kwaku Ashigbey - Chief Executive Officer, Ghana Chamber of Telecommunications, Ghana

Mercy Kwakye - Lecturer, Department of Accounting & Finance, Pentecost University, Ghana


ABSTRACT

Corporate Governance and its relations with firm performance is the subject of a lot of academic interest. Corporate governance studies in Africa still lags and relatively less researched in the area of State operations. Therefore, this study was conducted to establish whether or not, adherence to good corporate governance practices influences the financial performance of State-Owned Enterprises in Ghana. This quantitative inquiry is anchored on the positivist method. Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) was used as proxy for the financial performance of these State-Owned Enterprises. The presence of an audit committee, gender diversity of boards, board size and the frequency of board meetings were applied as characteristics of corporate governance. Twenty-two (22) SOEs were purposively sampled with data spanning from 2012 to 2016. The study found out that though there were some positive and negative relations between the four independent variables and the accounting performance measures. However, most of the relationships were not statistically significant. Corporate governance did not improve firm performance directly but it required the interaction with other factors to achieve the changes required. The study recommends that other factors of corporate governance should be explored as well as the interrelationships between them in future studies. Most of the objects of these State -Owned Enterprises in Ghana are not primarily profits oriented, so other dependent variables like their impact on citizens and delivery of key performance indicators should also be considered in future research as performance measures.


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HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING AND PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED AFRICA INLAND CHURCHES IN MWINGI NORTH, KENYA

Musya Titus Kyalo - Master Student, Kenyatta University

Peter Philip Wambua - Supervisor, Kenyatta University


ABSTRACT

Many organizations are finding it very difficult to maintain their cause as a result of these changes. Organization can maintain their economic stability by adding value to their intern and external processes. The main focus of this research was to establish the influence of human resource planning on performance of Selected Africa Inland Churches in Mwingi North, Kenya. The study sought to assess effect of employees training and development on performance of Selected Africa Inland Churches in Mwingi North; This study was guided by resource based theory, and human capital theory. The study used descriptive survey design. Target population included church elders, pastors, church secretaries, church treasurer and elders of church members’ organizations. The total population was therefore 512 members of Africa Inland Churches in Mwingi North, Kenya. The study sampled 30% respondents from every stratum. The study collected both primary and secondary data. The primary data was collected through structured questionnaires which were self-administered while secondary data was obtained from the church publications and records, journals and published materials. The study concluded that to a significant extent the AIC churches embraced employee training to improve their capacity and subsequent performance based on organizational needs, having training policies and processes, integrating technology, having regular training and evaluating the processes to measure employee performance. In conclusion, the organizations to a moderate degree incorporated employee development practices which ranged from coaching, employee development policies, creating a conducive working environment, competitively remunerating employees and motivating them which contributes to improved performance for both staff and organization. The study recommends that the AIC churches need to enhance employee training and development to improve their capacity to perform their duties and responsibilities. The research did recommend that the firms should develop employees through team development, mentorship and clear policy framework to enable them be more effective.


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