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Mswaili Nawushao - Master’s Student, Kenyatta University, Kenya

Victoria Ng’ang’a - Lecturer, School of Business, Kenyatta University, Kenya

Peter Ng’ang’a - Lecturer, School of Business, Kenyatta University, Kenya


More than half of the world's six billion inhabitants live in cities and towns. Governments are under increasing obligation to fulfill fundamental human essentials including shelter. This research explored the effects of public private partnerships on affordable housing projects in Mombasa County, Kenya. The study was guided by agency theory and stakeholder theory in understanding the variables. Data was collected by use of a structured questionnaire. Thus, this survey employed a descriptive research design. The study used a proportionate stratified random sampling to select the study sample from the County officials, Non-governmental organizations managers, development partners’ managers and Households heads from in Likoni Customs estates, Likoni flats and Changamwe estate in the affordable housing projects. The questionnaire was utilized to gather primary data. Pre-testing was done at Likoni flats and customs where validity and reliability was tested. Therefore, all the predictor items had a Cronbach’s Alpha value of .965. A response rate of 80.5% (318) was achieved. The odds ratio indicates that the odds of effective implementation of affordable housing project increases by a factor of 14.197 on stakeholder’s management, 0.004 on development partners Commitment, 485.028 on legal framework, and 2938.665 on political systems for every one unit increase on affordable housing project in PPP framework. Hence, the predictor variables were found to be statistically significant in the effect of the implementation of PPP in affordable housing projects. Moreover, the correlation was 0.430 on stakeholders’ management, 0.545 on development partners Commitment, 0.757 on legal framework indicator and a very great extent correlation 0.845 on political system indicator. Therefore, for effective implementation the political system environment is a precursor and will determine the fulfillment of the projects. Policies and strategic plans written in consultation with all the relevant stakeholders will help in improving the affordable housing projects in Mombasa County. Appropriate laws, regulations and enactment will be on track and operational inefficiencies will be reduced if the stakeholders are involved from the development partners and the community.

Full Length Research (PDF Format)