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Wakhungu Gladys Nafula - Master’s Student, Department of Department of Sociology, Gender and Development studies, Kenya University, Kenya

Dr. Casper Masiga - Lecturer, Department of Sociology, Gender and Development Studies, Kenyatta University, Kenya


The goal of the study was to investigate and analyze the existing gender disparities in leadership positions within water project management in Kajiado West Sub County, Kajiado County, Kenya. The objectives were: to establish the numbers of both men and women in the management of water projects in Kajiado West Sub County and to examine the influence of water needs for men and women on the management of water resources in Kajiado West Sub County. The study was based on the Patriarchy Theory by Juliet Mitchell which describes the totality of oppressive and exploitative relations which affect women. The study used a descriptive survey research design. The target population was all the residents of Kajiado West Sub County. The sample was made of 47 respondents from 5 villages. The study used two research instruments for data collection namely Focus Group Discussion (FGD) guides and interview schedule. Validity of the research instruments was determined by the researcher in collaboration with the supervisor to make sure that the instruments reflect the objectives. Instrument reliability was determined using the split-half method. The study has two types of data: Qualitative and quantitative data. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics for example percentages, means and standard deviations. The qualitative data was analyzed according to themes and patterns formed. The findings revealed that although women are represented in the management committees of the water projects, however, their number is much less compared to that of men. Men and women have different needs for water. Men on one hand typically require water for the productive activities and other related activities while women use water for productive activities as well as household chore related roles. The study recommended that involving both women and men in integrated water resources initiatives can increase project effectiveness and efficiency. Hands-on support to community level work is required to support field staff in enabling women and men to work together in community decision-making.

Full Length Research (PDF Format)