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Lynne Farrah - Department Of Accounting and Finance, School of Business, Kenyatta University, Kenya

Peter Ng’ang’a - Department Of Accounting and Finance, School of Business, Kenyatta University, Kenya


Solid waste management is a public issue with health, environmental, economic and social implications at the home, local, national and international levels. The overall purpose of this study was to investigate stakeholder involvement and waste management in Mombasa County, Kenya. In particular, to determine the stakeholders’ awareness, engagement, commitment, capacity building on solid waste management. Stakeholder theory and capacity building theory were used as the theoretical framework. Therefore, this survey employed a descriptive survey design. A stratified cluster sampling technique was used. A household approach was then used that factored the socio-economic conditions, level of waste generation, the sub-county administration units and the demographic details of a region. Thus, the study utilised a two-stage cluster sampling within the strata of waste generators and waste managers in Mombasa County for the period of 4 weeks. The questionnaires and interview schedule were utilized to gather primary data. Pre-testing was done at Kisauni Constituency where validity and reliability was tested. Therefore, all the predictor items had a Cronbach’s Alpha Coefficient greater than 0.7. A response rate of 77.4% (240) was achieved that included waste generators who were the household heads, and waste collectors/managers who were the DoEWE managers, project managers NGO/CBO and private solid firms’ managers. The odds ratio indicates that the odds of effective solid waste management practices increases by a factor of 2.459 on stakeholder’s awareness, 0.108 on stakeholder’s engagement, 0.679 on stakeholder’s capacity building and 2.671 on stakeholder’s commitment to 3R. Solid waste management was found to be statistically significant with the predictor variables of the study. SWM has a moderate correlation (0.491) on awareness, low correlation (0.189) on engagement, moderately high correlation (0.574) on commitment and a moderate correlation (0.318) on capacity building. This study informs the importance of involving the stakeholders in order to achieve effective solid waste management. Policies and strategic plans written in consultation with all the relevant stakeholders will help in improving the current state of solid waste management in Mombasa County. Appropriate laws, regulations and enactment will be on track and operational inefficiencies will be reduced if the stakeholders are involved in the issue of solid waste management.

Full Length Research (PDF Format)